Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Study: sex-selective abortion bans fight a nonexistent problem in the US

Politicians use baseless fears about sex-selective abortions in the US to limit women's access to abortions

Posted By on Wed, Jun 4, 2014 at 11:06 AM

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Some politicians have recently used the fear of sex-selective abortions to pass laws further limiting women's access to abortions, all in the name of protecting women. A new exhaustive study reveals that all the conservative assumptions about sex-selective abortions in the US are incorrect. Below are six of the study's key findings separating the facts from fiction regarding sex-selective abortions. Read the full study at napawf.org

MYTH: Male-biased sex ratios at birth are proof that sex-selective abortions are occurring.
FACT: Male-biased sex ratios at birth do not provide proof that sex-selective abortions are occurring because sex selection can be achieved by artificially inseminating only sperm with the X or Y chromosome or by implanting embryos of the desired sex into the uterus.

MYTH: India and China are the only countries where male-biased sex ratios exist.
FACT: Male-biased sex ratios at birth can be found in many countries throughout the world, including those with predominantly white populations. The countries with the highest male-biased sex ratios in the world are Liechtenstein and Armenia. Both countries have higher sex ratios than India and China.

MYTH: The United States is one of the few countries in the world that does not ban sex-selective abortion.
FACT: Only four countries other than the United States have laws explicitly prohibiting sex-selective abortion: China, Kosovo, Nepal and Vietnam. Many countries that are concerned about sex selection regulate the practice only by prohibiting sex selection through preconception and preimplantation techniques.

MYTH: Laws banning sex-selective abortion are an effective way to prevent sex selection and adjust male-biased sex ratios at birth.
FACT: Our empirical analysis of sex ratios at birth five years before and after sex-selective abortion bans were enacted in Illinois and Pennsylvania indicates that the bans were not associated with changes in sex ratios at birth.

MYTH: Laws banning sex-selective abortion are an effective way to prevent sex selection and adjust male-biased sex ratios at birth.
FACT: Our empirical analysis of sex ratios at birth five years before and after sex-selective abortion bans were enacted in Illinois and Pennsylvania indicates that the bans were not associated with changes in sex ratios at birth.

MYTH: The primary motivation behind laws banning sex-selective abortion in theUnited States is to prevent gender-based discrimination.
FACT: Restricting access to abortion is the primary motivation for sex-selective abortion bans. All the bans have been proposed and supported by people who oppose abortion generally

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